alabama state constitution text

Amendment 362 - Fees, Compensation, etc., of Elected Officials of Lee County. Second. Amendment 226 - Designation of Circuit Solicitor as District Attorney. Section 153 - Election or appointment of judges of inferior courts. Amendments may be proposed to this Constitution by the legislature in the manner following: The proposed amendments shall be read in the house in which they originate on three several days, and, if upon the third reading three-fifths of all the members elected to that house shall vote in favor thereof, the proposed amendments shall be sent to the other house, in which they shall likewise be read on three several days, and if upon the third reading three-fifths of all the members elected to that house shall vote in favor of the proposed amendments, the legislature shall order an election by the qualified electors of the state upon such proposed amendments, to be held either at the general election next succeeding the session of the legislature at which the amendments are proposed or upon another day appointed by the legislature, not less than three months after the final adjournment of the session of the legislature at which the amendments were proposed. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and Representatives twenty-one years of age at the time of their election. Amendment 767 - Conecuh County Reservoir Management Area Authority. Amendment 3 - Special School Tax Amendment. Amendment 266 - Bond Issue for Acquisition, Improvement, etc., of Mental Health Facilities. Section 256 - Duty of legislature to establish and maintain public school system; apportionment of public school fund; separate schools for white and colored children. Amendment 263 - Economic Development of Municipalities in Geneva County. Amendment 634 - Costs and Charges of Courts in Conecuh County. Third. Amendment 589 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Program for Certain Elected Public Officials in Houston County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. The legislature shall not tax the property, real or personal, of the State, counties, or other municipal corporations, or cemeteries; nor lots in incorporated cities and towns, or within one mile of any city or town to the extent of one acre, nor lots one mile or more distant from such cities or towns to the extent of five acres, with the buildings thereon, when same are used exclusively for religious worship, for schools, or for purposes purely charitable. Amendment 238 - Bonds for Civic Centers in Certain Counties. Amendment 44 - Regulation of Salaries, etc., of Officers of Morgan County. Amendment 546 - Sales and Use Tax in Limestone County. That no person shall be attainted of treason by the Legislature; and no conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate. Amendment 676 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Bullock County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. Amendment 284 - Selection, Qualifications, Powers, Duties and Tenure of State Board of Education and Superintendent of Education. 24943 Alabama State Constitution by the Alabama State Legislature 1901 ' (not listed in … Amendment 167 - Additional Tax for School Purposes in Choctaw County. SECTION 2 People source of power. You can search all legislative acts from 1987 to the present. Amendment 555 - Amendment of Amendment No. Section 282 - Duty of legislature to enact laws to effectuate Constitution. Amendment 434 - Costs and Charges of Courts in Wilcox County and Method of Distribution Thereof. We, the people of the State of Alabama, in order to establish justice, insure domestic tranquility and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of government for the State of Alabama: Amendment 317 - Retirement, Censure, Suspension and Removal of Judges; Judicial Commission. Amendment 125 - Use of Certain Special County Taxes for Hospital Care and Treatment of Indigent Residents. Section 103 - Regulation, etc., of common carriers, partnerships, associations, trusts, monopolies and combinations of capital. Section 31 - Residence not forfeited by temporary absence from state. That in all criminal prosecutions, the accused has a right to be heard by himself and counsel, or either; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation; and to have a copy thereof; to be confronted by the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; to testify in all cases, in his own behalf, if he elects so to do; and, in all prosecutions by indictment, a speedy, public trial, by an impartial jury of the county or district in which the offense was committed; and he shall not be compelled to give evidence against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, except by due process of law; but the Legislature may, by a general law, provide for a change of venue at the instance of the defendant in all prosecutions by indictment, and such change of venue, on application of the defendant, may be heard and determined without the personal presence of the defendant so applying therefor; provided, that at the time of the application for the change of venue, the defendant is imprisoned in jail or some legal place of confinement. Amendment 556 - Conveyance to Huntsville-Madison County Marina and Port Authority Title to Alabama State Docks's Property. Amendment 9 - Art. A Chancery Court, or a court having the jurisdiction of the Chancery Court, shall be held in each district, at a place to be fixed by law, at least twice in each year, and the chancellors may hold court for each other when they deem it necessary, and shall do so when directed by law. Section 183 - Qualifications as elector required to participate in primary elections, party conventions, mass meetings or other methods of political party action. Such exemption, however, shall not extend to any mortgage lawfully obtained, but such mortgage or other alienation of said homestead by the owner thereof, if a married man, shall not be valid without the voluntary signature and assent of the wife to the same. Returns of elections for members of the legislature and for all civil officers who are to be commissioned by the governor, except the attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall be made to the secretary of state. 432. Amendment 396 - Payment by State of Expenses Incurred by Alabama Housing Finance Authority. Amendment 648 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Mobile County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. Amendment 248 - Amendment of Amendment No. Amendment 368 - Abolition of Office of Constable in Morgan County. 236. Amendment 132 - Altering Boundaries, Reducing Area or Abolishing Macon County. The salary of no officer or employe shall be increased in such bill, nor shall any appropriation be made therein for any officer or employe unless his employment and the amount of his salary have already been provided for by law. Amendment 626 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Autauga County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. A second edition, updated and expanded slightly, appeared in 1986. Amendment 614 - Fire Protection Districts in Talladega County. Section 270 - Applicability of article to Mobile county. Amendment 399 - Amendment of Section 264. Section 48 - Time and place of meetings of legislature; maximum length of sessions. Section 273 - Election or appointment of company and regimental officers. Separate schools shall be provided for white and colored children, and no child of either race shall be permitted to attend a school of the other race. The Legislature shall pass general laws for the cases enumerated in this section, provided that nothing in this section or article shall affect the right of the Legislature to enact local laws regulating or prohibiting the liquor traffic; but no such local law shall be enacted unless notice shall have been given as required in section 106 of this Constitution. Section 109 - General laws for protection of local and private interests. Amendment 315 - Promotion of Soybean Industry. No State or county official shall, at any time during his term of office, accept, either directly or indirectly, any fee, money, office, appointment, employment, reward, or thing of value, or of personal advantage, or the promise thereof, to lobby for or against any measure pending before the Legislature, or to give or withhold his influence to secure the passage or defeat of any such measure. Amendment 742 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Wilcox County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. Amendment 90 - Veteran's Poll Tax Exemption Amendment. Amendment 713 - Promotion of Economic and Industrial Development in Montgomery County. Amendment 600 - Amendment of Amendment No. The style of the laws of this State shall be: “Be it enacted by the Legislature of Alabama,” which need not be repeated, but the act shall be divided into sections for convenience, according to substance, and the sections designated merely by figures. The homestead of a family, after the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment of any debts contracted since the thirteenth day of July, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, or after the ratification of this Constitution, in all cases, during the minority of the children. Section 42 - Legislative, executive and judicial departments established. It shall be the duty of the legislature at its first session after the taking of the decennial census of the United States in the year nineteen hundred and ten, and after each subsequent decennial census, to fix by law the number of representatives and apportion them among the several counties of the state, according to the number of inhabitants in them, respectively; provided, that each county shall be entitled to at least one representative. Amendment 32 - Tax Elections in Certain School Districts in Lawrence County. Amendment 213 - Bonds for State Docks Facilities. In the event of an increase or reduction by law of the number of associate justices of the supreme court, the legislature shall, as nearly as may be, provide for the election, each second year, of one-third of the members of said court. Sixth – The action of the majority of the board of registrars shall be the action of the board, and a majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business. The boundaries of this State are established and declared to be as follows, that is to say: Beginning at the point where the thirty-first degree of north latitude crosses the Perdido river; thence east, to the western boundary line of the State of Georgia; thence along said line to the southern boundary line of the State of Tennessee; thence west, along the southern boundary line of the State of Tennessee, crossing the Tennessee river, and on to the second intersection of said river by said line; thence up said river to the mouth of Big Bear creek; thence by a direct line to the northwest corner of Washington county, in this State, as originally formed; thence southwardly, along the line of the State of Mississippi, to the Gulf of Mexico; thence eastwardly, including all islands within six leagues of the shore, to the Perdido river; thence up the said river to the beginning; provided, that the limits and jurisdiction of this State shall extend to and include any other land and territory hereafter acquired, by contract or agreement with other States or otherwise, although such land and territory are not included within the boundaries hereinbefore designated. Amendment 406 - Repeal of Amendment No. Amendment 378 - Fire Districts in Madison County. Eighth – Any person who registers for another, or who registers more than once, and any registrar who enters the name of any person on the list of registered voters, without such person having made application in person under oath on a form provided for that purpose, or who knowingly registers any person more than once, or who knowingly enters a name upon the registration list as the name of a voter, without any one of that name applying to register, shall be guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for not less than one nor more than five years. 551. Amendment 197 - Economic Development of St. Clair County and Municipalities Therein. Amendment 128 - Economic Development of Bullock County. Amendment 139 - Costs and Charges of Courts in Montgomery County. Amendment 296 - Special Property Tax for Educational Purposes in Etowah County. Section 73 - Appropriations to charitable or educational institutions not under absolute control of state. 129. At the general election in the year nineteen hundred and two all the Representatives, together with the Senators for the even numbered districts and for the Thirty-fifth district, shall be elected. Members of the Legislature shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, violation of their oath of office, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House shall not be questioned in any other place. Amendment 26A - Suspension of Restriction on Diminishing Public Salaries, etc. Amendment 482 - Limestone County Commission Authority. That all bonds executed by or to any officer of this state, all recognizances, obligations and all other instruments executed to this state or to any subdivision or municipality thereof before the ratification of this Constitution, and all fines, taxes, penalties, and forfeitures due and owing to the state, or any subdivision or municipality thereof; and all writs, suits, prosecutions, claims, and causes of action, except as herein otherwise provided, shall continue and remain unaffected by the ratification of this Constitution. Each House shall have power to determine the rules of its proceedings and to punish its members and other persons, for contempt or disorderly behavior in its presence; to enforce obedience to its processes; to protect its members against violence, or offers of bribes or corrupt solicitation; and with the concurrence of two-thirds of the House, to expel a member, but not a second time for the same offense; and the two Houses shall have all the powers necessary for the Legislature of a free State. Amendment 49 - Poll Tax Exemption Amendment. Amendment 750 - Economic Development in Baldwin County. Section 188 - Certain information to be furnished prior to registration. The governor shall be commander-in-chief of the militia and volunteer forces of this state, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States, and he may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insurrection, and repel invasion, but need not command in person unless directed to do so by resolution of the legislature; and when acting in the service of the United States, he shall appoint his staff, and the legislature shall fix his rank. Amendment 700 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Pike County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. Section 151 - Composition of supreme court. The lieutenant governor, president pro tem. Section 187 - County board of registrars to furnish list of registered voters to judges of probate by February 1, 1903; judges of probate to file list with secretary of state by March 1, 1903; term for which registration valid; certificate of registratio. The legislature shall provide for taking a school census by townships and districts throughout the state not oftener than once in two years, and shall provide for the punishment of all persons or officers making false or fraudulent enumerations and returns; provided, the state superintendent of education may order and supervise the taking of a new census in any township, district, or county, whenever he may have reasonable cause to believe that false or fraudulent returns have been made. Amendment 240 - Special Ad Valorem Tax for Paying Principal and Interest on Bonds of City of Birmingham. Amendment 208 - Amendment of Section 215. In the event of the failure of said associate justices to make and certify such determination, the governor shall designate the terms for which they shall respectively hold office, as above provided, and shall issue his proclamation accordingly. Every bill which shall have passed both houses of the legislature, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, shall be presented to the governor; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections to the house in which it originated, which shall enter the objections at large upon the journal and proceed to reconsider it. The result of such determination shall be certified to the governor, by such associate justices, or a majority of them, prior to the first day of January, nineteen hundred and five, and such certificate shall be entered upon the minutes of the court. Amendment 688 - Crime of prostitution in Jefferson County. Amendment 174 - Special Property Tax for Acquiring, etc., Vocational Trade School and for Rural and Industrial Development in Jackson County. Amendment 120 - Bonds for Construction and Improvement Purposes at The Alabama Polytechnic Institute. 334. Amendment 640 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Geneva County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. No city, town, or village, whose present indebtedness exceeds the limitation imposed by this Constitution, shall be allowed to become indebted in any further amount, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, until such indebtedness shall be reduced within such limit; provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent any municipality, except the city of Gadsden, from issuing bonds already authorized by law; provided, further, that this section shall not apply to the cities of Sheffield and Tuscumbia. 1 of Madison County. The Legislature shall by law prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to ascertain the value of real and personal property exempted from sale under legal process by this Constitution, and to secure the same to the claimant thereof as selected. The attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall not receive to their use any fees, costs, perquisites of office or other compensation than the salaries prescribed by law, and all fees that may be payable for any services performed by such officers shall be at once paid into the state treasury. Amendment 567 - Collection and Levying of Fees for Fire Protection Services and Emergency Medical Care in Elmore County. Section 182 - Certain persons disqualified from registering and voting. Amendment 351 - Special Property Tax for Control of Mosquitoes, Rodents and Other Vectors of Public Health and Welfare; Significance in Mobile County. The power and authority of regulating railroad freight and passenger tariffs, the locating and building of passenger and freight depots, correcting abuses, preventing unjust discrimination and extortion and requiring reasonable and just rates of freight and passenger tariffs, are hereby conferred upon the legislature, whose duty it shall be to pass laws from time to time regulating freight and passenger tariffs, to prohibit unjust discrimination on the various railroads, canals, and rivers of the state, and to prohibit the charging of other than just and reasonable rates and enforce the same by adequate penalties. Amendment 289 - Title to Sixteenth Section of School Lands in Mobile County. Amendment 549 - Bingo Games in Walker County. Amendment 350 - Special Property Tax for Educational Purposes in City of Anniston. Section 126 - Authority of governor to veto items in appropriation bills. Amendment 411 - Salaries, Fees, etc., of County Officials Charged with Assessing and Collecting Ad Valorem Taxes; Abolishment, Combination or Alteration of Offices of Tax Assessor, Tax Collector or License Commissioner. The presiding officer of each House shall, in the presence of the House over which he presides, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature, after the same shall have been publicly read at length immediately before signing, and the fact of reading and signing shall be entered upon the Journal; but the reading at length may be dispensed with by a two-thirds vote of a quorum present, which fact shall also be entered on the Journal. Amendment 190 - Economic Development of Lawrence County and Municipalities Therein. 239. Section 193 - Returns of elections for certain officials to be made to secretary of state. The Legislature shall not have power to authorize any county, city, town, or other subdivision of this State to lend its credit, or to grant public money or thing of value in aid of, or to any individual, association, or corporation whatsoever, or to become a stockholder in any such corporation, association, or company, by issuing bonds or otherwise. The Legislature shall pass such penal laws as it may deem expedient to suppress the evil practice of dueling. Amendment 511 - Finance Charge, Fee or Assessment on Forest Land for Forestry Services and Forest Fire Protection. In case of a vacancy on said board by death or resignation of a member, or from any cause other than the expiration of his term of office, the board shall elect his successor, who shall hold office until the next session of the legislature. Section 247 - Authority of legislature restricted. Amendment 512 - "Penny Trust Fund" Established for Promotion of Public Health and Public Schools. Amendment 322 - Registration of Electors by Mail. Amendment 349 - Costs and Charges of Courts, and Compensation of Certain Officers, of Washington County. Amendment 409 - Additional Ad Valorem Tax in City of Alabaster. Section 259 - Use of poll taxes for support of public schools. Amendment 744 - Bingo Games in Macon County. Amendment 766 - Organization and Promotion of Shrimp and Seafood Industry. All elections by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by persons in a representative capacity shall be viva voce. Amendment 201 - Promotion of Cattle Industry. The provisions of this article shall apply to all banks except national banks, and to all trust companies and individuals doing a banking business, whether incorporated or not. Promotion of Cattle Industry. Amendment 663 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Chambers County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. FREEDOM AND SOVEREIGNTY OF STATE. Amendment 366 - Consolidation, etc., of Offices of Tax Assessor and Tax Collector in Pickens County. Amendment 381 - Fire Fighting Districts and Fire Protection in Russell County. Amendment 525 - Ratification of Public School Taxes. independent state by the name of the state of Tennessee, and, Whereas, The General Assembly of the said state of Tennessee, (pursuant to the third section of the tenth article of the Constitution,) by an act passed on the Twenty-seventh day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, Amendment 741 - Tuscaloosa County Judicial Commission. 1 in Madison County. Amendment 604 - Special Fire Protection Property Tax in Henry County. Amendment 689 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Lamar County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. Any person, firm, association, or corporation, who may construct or operate any public utility along or across the public streets of any city, town, or village, under any privilege or franchise permitting such construction or operation, shall be liable to abutting proprietors for the actual damage done to the abutting property on account of such construction or operation. Section 172 - Terms of office of incumbents not abridged. Section 175 - Clerks of circuit courts, courts of like jurisdiction and criminal courts, tax collectors, tax assessors, judges of inferior courts, coroners, justices of the peace, notaries public, constables and county and municipal officers. Unless he shall become disqualified under the provisions of this article, any one who shall register prior to the first day of January, nineteen hundred and three, shall remain an elector during life, and shall not be required to register again unless he changes his residence, in which event he may register again on production of his certificate. Section 229 - Special laws conferring corporate powers prohibited; general law as to grant or amendment of corporate charters; corporation franchise taxes to be paid; exemption of benevolent, educational or religious corporations from franchise taxes. That no person shall, for the same offense, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; but courts may, for reasons fixed by law, discharge juries from the consideration of any case, and no person shall gain an advantage by reason of such discharge of the jury. The terms of those Senators who represent the odd numbered districts under the law in force prior to the ratification of this Constitution, are hereby extended until the day after the general election in the year nineteen hundred and six; and until the expiration of his term as hereinbefore extended, each such Senator shall represent the district established by this Constitution, bearing the number corresponding with that for which he was elected. Amendment 643 - Planning and Zoning Regulations of Municipalities Located in Limestone County. Amendment 527 - Fire Protection Tax in Choctaw County. Amendment 360 - Costs and Charges of Courts, and Compensation of County Officials, of Coffee County. Section 162 - Judges of courts of record not to practice law. Section 15 - Excessive fines; cruel or unusual punishment. Amendment 629 - Phase-out of Supernumerary Programs in Calhoun County; Participation in Employees' Retirement System. The legislature shall provide by law for the registration, after the first day of January, nineteen hundred and three, of all qualified electors. Amendment 124 - Special School Tax in Russell County; Tax Anticipation Bonds. Amendment 446 - Bonds of Alabama State Docks Department not Debt of State. Until the legislature shall make an apportionment of representatives among the several counties, as provided in the preceding section, the counties of Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Lamar, Lawrence, Limestone, Macon, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Pickens, Randolph, St. Clair, Shelby, Washington, and Winston, shall each have one representative; the counties of Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Clarke, Elmore, Etowah, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, and Wilcox, shall each have two representatives; the counties of Dallas and Mobile shall each have three representatives; the county of Montgomery shall have four representatives; and the county of Jefferson shall have seven representatives. The legislature is hereby prohibited from denying the right of appeal from any preliminary assessment of damages against any such corporations or individuals made by viewers or otherwise, but such appeal shall not deprive those who have obtained the judgment of condemnation from a right of entry, provided the amount of damages assessed shall have been paid into court in money, and a bond shall have been given in not less than double the amount of the damages assessed, with good and sufficient sureties, to pay such damages as the property owner may sustain; and the amount of damages in all cases of appeals shall on demand of either party, be determined by a jury according to law. That every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself and the State. Section 81 - Offense of corrupt solicitation to be defined by law. The public school fund shall be apportioned to the several counties in proportion to the number of school children of school age therein, and shall be so apportioned to the schools in the districts or townships in the counties as to provide, as nearly as practicable, school terms of equal duration in such school districts or townships. Amendment 86 - Special School Tax in Monroe County. Section 68 - Extra compensation not to be granted public officer, employee, contractor, etc., after service rendered or contract made; increase or decrease of compensation of officers during term of office. Section 222 - Issuance of bonds by counties, municipal corporations, districts and other political subdivisions of counties. Amendment 662 - Amendment of Amendment No. Amendment 624 - Promotion of Economic Development in Marengo County. Amendment 590 - Regulation and Alteration of Costs and Charges of Courts in Lauderdale County.

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